Mood swings are a normal part of life, but for some women, the changes in mood that accompany their menstrual cycle are anything but ordinary. For many women, mood changes and the accompanying physical symptoms that come with the menstrual cycle can be overwhelming. From irritability to depression, the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can be debilitating. But why does this happen? What is the relationship between periods and mood changes?
In this blog post, we’ll explore the science behind the relationship between periods and mood changes, as well as the signs and symptoms of PMS and the treatments available to help manage it.
The Science behind the Relationship
The relationship between periods and mood changes is complex, but the science behind it has been studied for decades. This is because hormones play an important role in regulating our moods. During the menstrual cycle, the hormones estrogen and progesterone fluctuate, which can affect how we feel.
During the first half of the menstrual cycle (follicular phase), estrogen levels are high and progesterone levels are low. This can cause a feeling of euphoria and increased energy. However, during the second half of the menstrual cycle (luteal phase), progesterone levels increase and estrogen levels drop. This can lead to feelings of irritability, fatigue, and depression.
The Symptoms of PMS
The most common symptom of PMS is mood swings. This can range from irritability and sadness to anger and even depression. Other symptoms of PMS include physical symptoms such as cramping, bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, and fatigue.
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While there is no cure for PMS, there are treatments available that can help manage the symptoms. These treatments include lifestyle changes such as reducing stress, exercising regularly, and eating a healthy diet. Additionally, medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), oral contraceptives, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can be used to treat the physical and psychological symptoms of PMS.
The relationship between periods and mood changes is complex and not yet fully understood. However, research has shown that the fluctuation of hormones during the menstrual cycle can lead to changes in mood, including irritability, fatigue, and even depression. While there is no cure for PMS, there are treatments available that can help manage the symptoms, such as lifestyle changes and medications. If you’re experiencing mood changes during your menstrual cycle, it’s important to talk to your doctor to determine the best treatment plan for you.